First Courthouse erected at Williamsburg (now Rockville). 1863, June 28. There were 375,905 housing units at an average density of 765.2 per square mile (295.4/km2). Marshall W. Nirenberg (1927-2010), National Institutes of Health, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The public school system operating budget for Fiscal Year 2019 is $2.6 billion. Here you'll find record collections, history, and genealogy resources to help you trace your Montgomery County ancestors. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, with an average of 43 inches (110 cm) of rainfall. Radiation Biology Laboratory, a Smithsonian bureau, relocated from Astrophysical Observatory buildings, Washington, DC, to Rockville. This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Maryland. Frederick 1 : 125000. This episode feature the founding and history of Montgomery County. [21]:101 Throughout the 19th century, agriculture dominated the economy in Montgomery County, with slaves playing a significant role, though the vast majority of farmers owned 10 slaves or less rather than large plantations. Mapping the 2013-2014 winter snow totals in the Mid-Atlantic", "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990", "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. 1948. 2018, Dec. 3-. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 971,777 people, 357,086 households, and 244,898 families living in the county. [20]:29–30 When deciding its name, the original idea was to call it Wattsville, after Watts Branch, a stream that runs through the land. North of the Great Falls of the Potomac, there were few permanent settlements, and the Piscataway shared hunting camps and foot paths with members of rival peoples like the Susquehannocks and the Senecas. The eastern side runs between the two tracks of the CSX right of way from Washington Union Station to Silver Spring, and roughly parallels Georgia Avenue, from Silver Spring to Glenmont. Marc B. Elrich (Democrat), County Executive. 1809-1823. Village site from Late Woodland Period found near Seneca contained storage pits and 73 graves. Montgomery County has the tenth highest median household income in the United States, and the second highest in the state after Howard County as of 2011. When Montgomery County was created in 1776, its boundaries were defined as "beginning at the east side of the mouth of Rock Creek on Potowmac river [sic], and running with the said river to the mouth of Monocacy, then with a straight line to Par's spring, from thence with the lines of the county to the beginning".[4]. 1990, Dec. 3-1994, Dec. 7. 1946, Sept. Montgomery County Junior College (now Montgomery College) opened, first junior college in State. In 1774, local residents met at Hungerford's Tavern and agreed to break off commerce with Great Britain. 1912, April 12. 1965. The USGenWeb Archives Project for Montgomery County. [47] Implementing some of the recommendations weeks later, the county commissioners appointed a permanent Board of Assessors, reorganized the Welfare Board, hired the a County Attorney and a purchasing agent, and hired sixteen police officers. The following year, the Montgomery County Civic Federation appointed Woodside Park-resident Allen H. Gardener to head a committee to study the reorganization of the Montgomery County's government. Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission formed for Montgomery and Prince George's counties. For Rockville, the record high is 105 °F (41 °C) in 1954, while the record low is −13 °F (−25 °C). - 1,000 B.C. [37], On July 1, 1922, the Montgomery County Police Department was established. Montgomery County is an important business and research center. The history of Montgomery county, Maryland, from … The former coat of arms of Montgomery County, used up until 1976. The county has no public university of its own, but the state university system does operate a facility called Universities at Shady Grove in Rockville that provides access to baccalaureate and Master's level programs from several of the state's public universities. Jack W. Szostak (1952-), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. 1976. D. Carleton Gajdusek (1923-2008), National Institutes of Health, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Montgomery became first Maryland county to adopt charter form of government ("home rule"), with a County Manager and County Council. [10][11] Like other inner-suburban Washington, D.C. counties, Montgomery County contains many major U.S. government offices, scientific research and learning centers, and business campuses, which provide a significant amount of revenue for the county. The Commissioners decided to authorize a study of the existing county government structure with the goal of suggesting recommendations. About 3.3% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. KENT COUNTY. Prior to the Civil War, Montgomery County allied itself with other slaveholding counties in southern Maryland and the Eastern Shore. [9] The county has been ranked as one of the wealthiest in the United States. [66] The county council would continue to be the legislative branch of county government, and an elected full-time County Executive who could veto legislation passed by the Council; it would take five votes by the Council to override a veto. 1968, July 19-20. "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1865 by Simon J. Martenet in the Clerk's [sic] of the District Court of Maryland." There's something for everyone - with classic Maryland flavor. [57] The Charter Board emphasized that the draft charter would allow for county affairs to be decided by local representatives rather than by a vote of members of the Maryland General Assembly who represent citizens of all parts of the state. [52] The newly formed Independent Party endorsed the charter, praising county residents' goal of improving their form of government. Capital Beltway (I-495) opened, encircling Washington, DC, by passing through Maryland's Prince George's and Montgomery counties, and Virginia. Maj. Gen. Richard Montgomery (1738-1775) died leading American attack on Quebec. [103] People from China are the fastest-growing immigrant population in the county; people from Ethiopia are the county's second-fastest growing immigrant population. The railroad spurred development at Takoma Park, Kensington, Garrett Park and Chevy Chase. [69], In 1966, the Montgomery County Council adopted a proposed charter amendment to create a new elected position of County Executive. Created / Published Clarksburgh, Md. [104], As of July 1, 2018 The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of the county to be, 1,052,567 residents. Montgomery County was part of Prince George's and Frederick Counties. [71] Republicans favored a referendum on the proposed charter amendment, while Democrats favored it in principle but urged the specific amendment's defeat because the duties of the County Executive were not specific enough. "Montgomery Co.," in Genealogical Sources in Periodicals at The Maryland State Archives. The road is now named MacArthur Boulevard. Montgomery County lies within the northern portions of the humid subtropical climate. Map of Montgomery County, Maryland. Montgomery County was named for Richard Montgomery. Clement Beall served as the county's first sheriff. County adopted a County Executive and County Council form of government. [57] Another group opposing the draft charter opened its headquarters in Bethesda. Sidney Randolph lynched west of Rockville. 1896, July 4. Montgomery County is een county in de Amerikaanse staat Maryland . It is the most populous county in Maryland. 1899, Oct. 18-1915. [20]:9 However, it was not until 1688 that the first tract of land in what is now Montgomery County was granted by the Calvert family to an individual colonist, a wealthy and prominent early Marylander named Henry Darnall. [77] In November 1968, the charter amendment was approved, with 53 percent of votes in favor. 2005. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 11.5% of the population.[95]. Shady Grove Metrorail Station opened. 1971, Oct. 12. Nov. 1 marks the day in 1864 when Maryland issued a new state constitution that called for the freedom of people held in bondage in the state, making Maryland the … [26], In 1855, work on the Metropolitan Branch of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad began, in order to provide a route between Washington, D.C., and Point of Rocks, Maryland. Intercounty Connector (Maryland Rte. 1958. 1862, Oct. 10-12. The per capita income for the county was $43,073. Maryland's colonial period lasted from 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other 13 colonies in rebelling against Great Britain. 2009. The goal is to create socioeconomically mixed neighborhoods and schools so the rich and poor are not isolated in separate parts of the county. Eric R. Kandel (1929-), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. 1776. 2009. Mario R. Capecchi (1937-), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. 1927. Vice-President, ran with George McGovern. [36] The statue was moved to its new location in July 2017. Skirmishes at Poolesville and Hyattstown between Union and Confederate cavalry. [20]:23, Like other regions of the American colonies, the region that is now Montgomery County saw protests against British taxation in the years before the American Revolution. Charles W. Gilchrist (Democrat), County Executive. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males. The first is "The History of Hyattstown ", Maryland. … Rev. Centennial celebration of the erection of Montgomery County, Md. … For tax purposes, Montgomery County was divided into eleven districts, called hundreds. 1863, June 26. 1949, Jan. 18. Eunice Kennedy Shriver (1921-2009) of Montgomery County opened first International Special Olympics in Chicago. Because our textbooks and monuments are wrong. [133] Parents said they hoped to shield children from being held accountable in adulthood for youthful mistakes, as well as to guard them from exploitation by what one parent termed “the student data surveillance industrial complex”.The district also requires tech companies to annually delete data they collect on schoolchildren. [71] Elected to a four-year term, the County Executive could veto legislation passed by the County Council, although five members of the County Council could vote to overrule the veto. Item Preview ... Clarksburgh, Md. County public school system began to desegregate. [61] Following the vote, proponents of the charter said they would not give up the fight. The USGenWeb Archives Project for Montgomery County. Since the first elementary school for African American children opened in Montgomery County, Maryland in 1866, at least 40 more had opened by 1927, the result of sheer determination and hard work on the part of a community to which education was once denied. 1960, June 30. [22][21]:41 Eight months prior, Montgomery had died in Quebec City while attempting an ultimately unsuccessful invasion of the Province of Quebec. John L. (Jan) Hall (1934-), National Institute of Standards and Technology, won Nobel Prize in Physics. Montgomery County, Maryland Genealogy, History and Facts (Genealogy Inc) The Montgomery County MDGenWeb Project, a member of The MDGenWeb Project, an affiliate of The USGenWeb Project. The Montgomery County Airpark (FAA GAI, ICAO KGAI), a general aviation facility in Gaithersburg, is the major airport in the county. Includes indexes, advertisements, brief history of Montgomery County, and portraits of early Montgomery County residents. [20]:28, By 1776, there was a growing movement to form a new, strong federal government, with each colony retaining the authority to govern its local affairs. All Montgomery County Story issues are now fully scanned and available to view or download in our digital repository: The Montgomery County Story, 1957-present. [48] The Charter Board petitioned to form a county council with the power to pass laws without the consent of the Maryland General Assembly and with authority over the administration the county. [39] In 1927, the police department was enlarged to twenty officers. Clara Barton, founder of American Red Cross, died at her home in Glen Echo. Males had a median income of $71,841 versus $55,431 for females. 1932-1982. A souvenir history of the parish of St. Paul's, Kent County, Maryland. By 1998, this region was home to 104,500 Jews and had come to rival Baltimore and its surroundings (Jewish population 94,500) as the state's largest Jewish population center. [58] The Montgomery County League of Women Voters also endorsed the draft charter. Collections. [54], In 1943, the Charter Board released its draft charter. A few small villages of the Piscataway, members of the Algonquian people, were scattered across the southern portions of the county. With the amount of housing units estimated to be 390,664. James P. Gleason (Republican), County Executive. History of Kent County, Maryland, 1630-1916. Montgomery County Courthouse, 27 Courthouse Square, Rockville, Maryland, February 2002. Montgomery became first Maryland county to adopt charter form of government ("home rule"), with a County Manager and County Council. North of the Great Falls of the Potomac, there were few permanent settlements, and the Piscataway shared hunting camps and foot paths with members of rival peoples like the Susqu… Monocacy Aqueduct at Dickerson, design and construction overseen by Benjamin Wright (1770-1842). Historical Maps of Maryland are a great resource to help learn about a place at a particular point in time.Maryland Maps are vital historical evidence but must be interpreted cautiously and carefully.. Maryland Maps can be very useful in conducting research, especially in light of the now extinct communities. 1972. "Maryland Senators, Representatives, and Congressional District Maps", "Maryland by Place – GCT-PH1-R. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density (geographies ranked by total population): 2000", "Seven of nation's 10 most affluent counties are in Washington region", "Complete List: America's Richest Counties", "@CoUnTy_ExEc talks about his mission to make #MoCo one of the most welcoming places on earth. Approximately $1.48 billion are invested in Montgomery County Public Schools and $128 million in Montgomery College. Dean Acheson, who served as U.S. Secretary of State, 1949-53, died at his farm home in Silver Spring. 1862, Sept. 13. Montgomery County is served by three passenger rail systems, with a fourth line under construction. 1949, Jan. 18. Forts Alexander, Franklin, and Ripley, built as earthwork defenses in 1861 to protect Washington Aqueduct, expanded and renamed Fort Summer at Bethesda. Maryland is a state located in the Mid Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia to the south and west, Pennsylvania to the north, and Delaware to the east. 1776. These parents are making them delete the data", "No Muslim holiday on Montgomery County school calendar isn't fair or 'PC, "Maryland county: No school holiday for Eid ad-Adha, and none for Christmas, Yom Kippur either", "Delaney Statement on Montgomery County Board of Education Decision on Religious Holidays", "County Membership Report: Montgomery County, Maryland: Religious Traditions, 2010", "Washington Spirit extends partnership with D.C. United and Loudoun United FC to host four matches at Audi Field in addition to four games at Segra Field in 2020", "About Us - The Montgomery County Agricultural Fair", "Special Taxing Districts and Regional Agencies", "Census Incorporated Places and Census Designated Places in Montgomery County, as shown by Maryland Department of Planning", "The Greater Bethesda-Chevy Chase Chamber of Commerce", "Montgomery County Digital Aerial Photo Image Server", "Montgomery County: Independent City, County Subdivisions, and Other Places", Montgomery County Fire and Rescue Service, Ana G. Méndez University Capital Area Campus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Montgomery_County,_Maryland&oldid=997766937, Slave cabins and quarters in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1: Poolesville/Potomac/Bethesda/Chevy Chase, 2: Germantown/Clarksburg/Darnestown/Damascus, 4: Wheaton/Glenmont/Aspen Hill/Ashton/Laytonsville, 5: Silver Spring/Takoma Park/Burtonsville, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 03:40. 1976. The farmers were in favor of a professional county manager and a home-rule charter for Montgomery County. 1938, June. The system will provide service between Silver Spring and Burtonsville and is scheduled to begin operation in 2020. [80], In November 1995, the City of Takoma Park held a state-sponsored referendum asking whether the portions of the city in Prince George's County should be annexed to Montgomery County or vice versa. The four incorporated villages of Montgomery County and the town of Chevy Chase View were originally established as Special Tax Districts. "Chapter 66. [38] Prior to that time, law enforcement duties rested in the Montgomery County Sheriff and designated constables. Silver Spring Shopping Center opened. Beer and wine may still be sold in individual stores and at a single location within the county for a store chain. Welcome to our Montgomery County family history research page. Now five members are elected by the voters of their council district and four are elected at-large. 1916, May 19. 1862, Sept. 8. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000", "Population of Montgomery County, MD - Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts - CensusViewer", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data", 2010 Census Summary File One (SF1) - Maryland Population Characteristics, Montgomery County, "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County", "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States 2006-2010; American Community Survey; 5-Year Estimates", "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010; American Community Survey; 5-Year Estimates", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Montgomery County, Maryland", "D.C. area's Jewish population is booming: Now the third largest in the nation, report says", "Montgomery County, Maryland Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ending June 30, 2014", "Montgomery County, Maryland Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ending June 30, 2011", "Elrich promises change, 'more just society,' as he becomes Montgomery executive", "Nancy Navarro elected president of Montgomery County Council", "Montgomery County Council unanimously passes LGBTQ Bill of Rights", "Montgomery County Passes LGBTQ Bill of Rights", New Montgomery Liquor Permits Start 6 Restaurants Serving Drinks, D.C., Maryland Party Aides Ponder Vote Results: Liquor Question in Montgomery Depends on Absentee Ballots, "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections", "County Officials Break Ground on 14-Mile Bus Rapid Transit Line", "Purple Line set to open in fall of 2022, despite year-long delay in construction start, Maryland official says", "MCPS Student 'Data Deletion Week' Begins", "Tech companies monitor schoolkids across America. [71] All Council Members would continue to be at-large, but they would need to live in seven different residence districts. 1942, Aug. 31. Old maps of Montgomery County on Old Maps Online. Second segment of Intercounty Connector opened to traffic, linking Olney with Laurel with ten additional miles of highway. Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's cavalry arrested Union supporters at Rockville. Laborers were primarily Irish immigrants. Brett M. Kavanaugh sworn in as U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Thus, it was not until approximately 1715 that the first British settlers began building farms and plantations in the area. [107], Montgomery County has the largest Jewish population in the state of Maryland, accounting for 45% of Maryland Jews. [45], The Brookings Institution's study recommended the creation of a nonpartisan county council consisting of nine members representing defined districts of the county who could pass legislation, determine policy, and control over the administration of the county. In 2015, Montgomery County Executive Isiah Leggett ordered that the Confederate statue be removed. [114], Montgomery and Prince George's Counties share a bi-county planning and parks agency in the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (often referred to as Park and Planning or its initials M-NCPPC by county residents) and a public bi-county water and sewer utility in the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC). [107] Overall, 41% of the county's residents are affiliated with a religion. Published biannually by Montgomery History, The Montgomery County Story is a journal focusing on the history of the people, places, events, and organizations in Montgomery County, Maryland. 1833. 1862, Sept. 9. Because Watts Branch is a small stream, the idea was reconsidered, and the area was ultimately named Rockville after the nearby and larger Rock Creek.[23]:52–54. Activities for Studying Local History Outdoor Education Series, Bulletin No. Montgomery County, Maryland Genealogy, History and Facts (Genealogy Inc) The Montgomery County MDGenWeb Project, a member of The MDGenWeb Project, an affiliate of The USGenWeb Project. The office of the county executive was established in 1970. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 507 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 491 square miles (1,270 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (3.1%) is water. Maryland State Archives: The “Guide to Family History Research in Maryland” provides research guidance. George W. Peck lynched in Poolesville. Skirmishes at Beallsville and Barnesville between Union and Confederate cavalry. [85] Montgomery County lies entirely inside the Piedmont plateau. Roger Y. Tsien (1952-), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, won Nobel Prize in Chemistry. [49] While the Democratic Party did not explicitly denounce the charter,[50] it issued a statement calling out the ostensibly nonpartisan movement for hidden partisan goals[51] and claimed that backers of the charter petition for their alleged personal and political attacks on the Democratic Party and its officials. The ethnic makeup of the county was estimated to be the following in 2013:[102], In addition, 18.3% were Hispanic or Latino, of any race. Confederate Maj. Gen. J.E.B. [69] The group's report said that the new position would give citizens another place to go if their concerns were refused by the Montgomery County Council. Electronic voting system used during primary elections at polling places and for absentee ballots in all counties and Baltimore City. 1938. [55] The office of county treasurer would be abolished and replaced by a director of finance, who would be responsible for assessment and collection of taxes, assessments, and licenses, custody and disbursement of public funds and property, and preparation of monthly financial statements. He and other early claimants had no intention of settling their families. Though extensive, this list is not … [56] The group also said that making the council seats nonpartisan would go against the country's political history. [21]:113–116 Crop production gradually shifted away from tobacco and toward wheat and corn. has over a hundred pupils, some of whom live five miles from town, but walk to and from school regularly", "Civil War Guide to Montgomery County, Maryland", "Lynched a Suspected Negro; Mob Had No Proof on", "A Brutal Negro Lynched; Taken From a Maryland Jail and Hanged", "Rockville Civil War Monument - Rockville, MD - American Civil War Monuments and Memorials on", "Civil War Sesquicentennial Commemoration, 1861-1865, Montogmery County, Maryland", "Why do people believe myths about the Confederacy? The current executive is Marc Elrich, who was sworn in for his first term on December 3, 2018. [21]:154 He wrote about his experiences in a memoir which became the basis for Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852). Nathan Loughborough (1772-1848) of Montgomery County served as U.S. Comptroller of the Treasury. Four Special Tax Districts remain in the county: Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. [69] The group said that the fact that the county had four appointed county managers in thirteen years demonstrates that establishing the position in 1948 had not been a stunning success. The USGenWeb Archives Project for Montgomery County. First Montgomery County Executive elected. Montgomery County is proud of its history. The per capita income for the county was $47,310. [104], Of the county's population, 32.6% were born outside the United States. Isiah (Ike) Leggett (Democrat), County Executive. [89] During a particularly snowy winter, Damascus received 79 inches (200 cm) during the 2009–2010 season.[90]. Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission created to improve water and sewer service in Montgomery and Prince George's counties. [22], Wootton also proposed forming a new county from the northwestern portion of Frederick County, named Washington County, named after another well-known leader of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, General George Washington. [82] This added about 800 residents to Montgomery County's population.[83]. Other U.S. federal government agencies based in the county include the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center (WRNMMC), and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). 1997. [79], In November 1986, voters amended the Charter to increase the number of Council seats in the 1990 election from seven to nine. Welcome to our Montgomery County family history research page. 2006, Dec. 4 - 2018, Dec. 3. 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