One day, an idea struck him and he pegged a peach basket on a 10-foot (3.05 m) elevated track. His original list of 13 rules has undergone a century of revision, leading to faster pacing and greater athleticism. �HqƩ*���Ŭ��Mf��t���~���l��ԝqϭ��L��`=�?���ׯ~%X�m���h��_�`����ÍR��D���*�&N�/B��.�~7�fʰ$��I�G�����/��̔t C���ۊ�bE?���b���jE3uC������WE�?^gA�eQ���2? ���7�[���B���+:{13�1{ޥjU������f׵ʹAY�veֈ��L����XI�9 �rBP���Emu���¢E����:�iJ!0���w1�v�Ԥi���K���Q�b�������~��Ԛ��M�4��ٱ�4m��7��e�4�>����U�l�m(M5����nŤ���(I�Hb��[kJe>� It was invented in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts, by Dr James Naismith. Basketball originated in 1891 when a future Presbyterian minister named James Naismith (1861-1939) was assigned to teach a physical education class at a Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) … The International Basketball Federation was formed in 1932. Each team tries to score by tossing the ball through the opponent’s goal, an elevated horizontal hoop and net called a basket. Well, that’s up for you to tell us! <>>> Bobby Knight was born on October 25, 1940 in Massillon, Ohio. Basketball is built into the fabric of Springfield College. Includes questions about the first game ever played, the history of how basketball was created, and about the most points ever scored in one game. It was in the year 1992 that professional players were introduced in Olympic Games, after FIBA dropped the distinction between them and amateurs. All about the history of basketball. endobj In 1891, James Naismith was told to create a game that could be played inside during the winter. Basketball was invented during the school year of 1891-92 at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts. Springfield College students continue to be innovators and leaders in … Today, basketball has become one of the most popular games, played worldwide. Naismith wrote the basic rules and then nailed a peach basket onto a 20-foot tall pole. Basketball is the only major sport that is completely American in origin. U.S. high school and college basketball Basketball at the high school and college levels developed from a structured, rigid game in the early days to one that is often fast-paced and high-scoring. Women's basketball was added to the Olympics in the year 1976. Naismith devised a set of 13 rules of basketball: The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. Basketball … 3 0 obj Background of the study is the part of any research where in the particular topic is placed. However, with time, as some inconvenience was noted, a hole was made at the bottom of the basket. The two teams were those of the Toronto Huskies and New York Knickerbockers. Each of the teams has five members and competes against each other for scoring points, by passing the ball through a 10 feet (3 m) high hoop. Co-founder of the successful startup Broadcast.com, Mark Cuban is known as the zealous owner of the NBA's Dallas Mavericks and a star of the TV show 'Shark Tank.' <> In 1895, the first recorded basketball game between two college teams was organized. <> 4 0 obj ); Published Works: A Modern College in 1911; Essence of a Healthy Life in 1918; Basketball … Its main aim was to organize top professional teams and thus, promote the popularity of the professional game. We’ve all been there… The fans pouring in loudly buzzing about their team, seats filled with vibrant team colors, the cheers, the energy, the community. It’s all for one purpose: to be a part of college basketball… At the same time, he wrote some basic rules for the game and called it ‘basket ball’. The University of Minnesota A&M faced Hamline University under 9-on-9 rules, winning the game 9-3. YEq,㵰kPΎ���_x�pC�W�ykk�)��t�h,�$�g��Fx�I�K��B��8�Gz�`#��wNY\�P�}uZ�F6�,�]�S2�KY]�>��,� O�9��Ń��t�(c4ˋ��Ԧ�YA�d�������q@�w�j�w$�z�p�=p����!�UH�����s��Cr�NTš�x ��%P�p�@����56U�D�f�:����s�iQ�����6�t�d�R�غ� ��t\� �u�0��A�����r}���0�<8�+�T��Z��ѯ��4�>;#��8�� ����a�5�������F7��al8�P!��}�l��p*�4,��H>� �*P`c$qA��"�X��-����R�����\B@��{-�J�;��ʪ]�7�$���Oe�" �b,��}^�N��*��j�m �W-�Ԏa��e�q%tg���G !�� ���XZ�/��jؕ�YD���K Initially, the basket retained it bottom and the ball had to be retrieved after making a goal. By early-1900s, frequent injuries started to occur during men’s basketball games. Known For: Inventor of the game of basketball; Born: November 6, 1861 in Almonte, Ontario, Province of Canada; Parents: John Naismith, Margaret Young; Died: November 28, 1939 in Lawrence, Kansas; Education: McGill University, Presbyterian College, YMCA Training School, Gross Medical College (M.D. Basketball made its entry into Olympic Games only in the year 1936. Till 1906, peach baskets continued to be used and finally, were replaced by metal hoops with backboards. Basketball is a very popular sport, comprising of two teams. The first game, under the association, was played in November 1946, in Toronto, Ontario. The team with the maximum points, at the end of the game, wins. The game was invented by Springfield College instructor and graduate student James Naismith in 1891, and has grown into the worldwide athletic phenomenon we know it to be today. He wrote the original basketball rulebook and founded the University of Kansas basketball program, which is one of the cornerstone college basketball programs in the history of the game. Since then, it has evolved to consist of common techniques of shooting, passing and dribbling. Basketball Association of America became National Basketball Association (NBA) in 1949 and today, it is the top professional basketball league in the world. Manage Cookies. Naismith introduced the game when he was an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. This first contest is believed to have been played on December 21, 1891. Check out some information on background of basketball and learn about the game’s origin. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3 and 4 and such as described in Rule 5. Basketball was introduced to the rest of the world due to efforts from the US Army and the YMCA. NATURE AND BACKGROUND OF BASKETBALL. The first final was won by United States, after defeating Canada. Following its invention by Naismith in 1891, the game quickly spread through the United States, and the first professional teams emerged in the Northeast at the turn of the 20th century. The beginning of a brief history of basketball The concept of basketball was born out of his early school days when he played a simple game known as duck-on-a-rock outside his schoolhouse. Basketball is a fast-paced and exciting sport. As we look back over the many great years of basketball history, it’s safe to say that it’s become one of the best sports of all time, with the endless excitement and history-making moments it has provided us over the years. The first FIBA World Championship for Women was organized three years after the men’s one i.e. %���� Before one may look at his achievements, they first must know a certain amount of background information. The game involved attempting to knock a 'duck' off the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it. Basketball is a popular game, with an equally interesting history to boast of. Basketball in America: A History The game of basketball was invented by Dr. James Naismith, a canadian physical education Ove… He decided to nail two peach baskets on opposite ends of a gymnasium. The game of basketball was developed by Dr. James Naismith in 1891 when he wanted to develop an indoor game during the winter months for students at the School for Christian Workers. The new indoor game was played with a soccer ball, peach baskets, and nine to a side. The first balls made specifically for basketball were brown, and it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball that is now in common use. The first men's national championship tournament, the National Association of Intercollegiate Basketball tournament was organized in 1937. Take the following quiz to see just how much you know about basketball history! He wanted to be a basketball player his entire life, which was considered odd at this time period because most boys back then wanted to be professional baseball players (Hammel 36). Amateur sports clubs, colleges and professional clubs for basketball started opening. �>M��`֪�$�V,���xv&j��Y�����V6lj��j��5���@�T�W��Z��{�&v��_Fʀް�g[Ċ:��x�E��Vo`�}R�Kb�����>_`A���o���s�\]�|E�嫝�l�>��~�9����sh.�,˃�e�V�� PN|� ��n After brainstorming some new ideas, Naismith developed basketball’s original 13 rules and, consequently, the game of basketball. This prompted President Roosevelt to suggest the formation of a governing body for college basketball. When did Basketball become a professional sport? � `�Ί��t�88Z��r����N�9��S�|��X���f�(�P�ޕ#�7m��k85��^`�j�� 9���}�? Basketball is the most popular sport played indoors in the US.History of basketball is not so long. The entry of women into basketball was noticed around 1892, at Smith College. Basketball : The History And History Of Basketball 1727 Words | 7 Pages In 1891 a simple game was invented that changed the world. Basketball is a athletic sport usually played on an indoor court where two teams of five each attempt to score by shooting the … An American game that has traveled well is basketball, now played by more than 250 million people worldwide in an organized fashion, as well as by countless others in "pick-up" games. The year 1901 saw Berenson becoming the editor of A.G. Spalding’s first Women's Basketball Guide. James Naismithinvented basketball in 1891 at the International YMCA Training Schoolin Springfield, Massachusetts. This may contain the general description, and may include the broader description of the topic. The purpose of the game was to keep the students in shape, even during the winter months, when they were unable to indulge in any major outdoor physical activity. Basketball, game played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court, usually indoors. Basketball is a team sport, wherein the objective is to shoot a ball through a basket horizontally positioned to score points while following a set of rules. His game was intended to utilize player skill to excel. In the years before World War I, the Amateur Athletic Union and the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States competed for control over the rules of the game. Detail 4 The Change The first professional basketball league was formed in 1898; players earned $2.50 for home games and $1.25 for games on the road. The history of basketballbegan with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusettsby Canadian physical education instructor James Naismithas a less injury-prone sport than football. It is played with a ball and a hoop. The first intercollegiate women's game was played in April 1896. In the winter of 1891–1892, Dr. James Naismith, an instructor in the YMCA Training College (now Springfield College) at Springfield, Mass., deliberately invented the game of basketball in order to provide indoor exercise and competition for the students between the closing of the football season and the opening of the baseball season. {}����-�b�H�|�$��]ϣD$f�[�QWtʖ~�ͪn;ga��*ɣ O^&V��A����갥��Ķ�G�Ե2�#)��G�Lw՞۱���ݳXӶ$+>7J���)S;;��Yj7�؎m��N�ཕ���5��Q�w룁yX�b��_�bv�/��[��r��Oav���Ͷ���m�6�����eEM()-�$;�՟Z��>7���dA�|��S���jS��&��b�”n�$}�۷�W>�r��k���\�f�Q(۝׬F�8u�p�2�v�O2CC�q�Me�5��͞��9�nͷ9iIU;5�����rhr"�B]���9[ӑ�]K"�����~t���6��4{��K���nG�g����9�-��n��-U�RjZ���*͙�����Sp)g`}I%IV#�s �Ek���X�2�P��:+����4o�[R˞�4{��A in 1953, in Chile. Chapter I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Basketball was brought to the Philippines by the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) during the American colonial period, in … We use cookies. She also played a major role in organizing the first women’s collegiate basketball game, on 21. It is very popular in the United States, where it began in the 1890s. Few things in life can pull the excitement and adrenaline like college basketball. What are some of these moments? Basketball was conceived in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith, a physical education instructor at the YMCA college in Springfield, Mass., as a way to condition outdoor athletes during the winter months. 1 0 obj x��[mo�Ʋ� �a�/G��Т���ܦ@��&E4�ÊZY�iI������3��M�(�H6�;;��7�Q��?�w�ܨw�_���ߑ�� L����W� The eight founding nations of the federation included Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania and Switzerland. Usually, two teams of five players play on a marked rectangular court with a basket at each width end. The Game of Basketball Was Created by James Naismith. Privacy Policy | Nature Basketball Nature of Basketball The nature of the game of Basketball is to try to score more points than the opposing team by throwing - or 'shooting' - a ball through the opening in the top of the basketball hoop, whilst following a set of rules. He invented the sport to keep his students from becoming bored during the winter. It was in the year 1891 that Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian physical education student and instructor at YMCA Training School (now Springfield College) started looking for an energetic indoor game. From London to New York to Paris to Beijing and everywhere in between the game of Basketball is played. The next year saw the first national championship for NCAA teams, the National Invitation Tournament (NIT) in New York, being organized. Athletes from all the corners of the world are interested in basketball training to play professional basketball.Have you ever wondered how did basketball become so popular sport? The 'easiness' of scoring �BI��=l�v���*�p9�=r � ��{�-�k��d�) '�NF+��|6��G�Q=[���[�Q>,~F!��r�8��Ԑ��Dyj�o'�Rl�� �6�?��8�N�c���o%��;�ܱ�;���H��h,�S�v�d�{�bRBD�b����=��y�Ր�� $�2���)���ON�j��f�Ǣΐ�.�(�=�\)���vpH݊L���9,�G��� խ4{R�vY�~�����0�|+����'C�� D It has also become popular in many other countries. Balls were retrieved from these baskets by using nearby ladders. Players score points by shooting the ball through the hoop. If you want to explore some interesting information on the background of basketball, read on. Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world. It is the only major sport strictly of U.S. origin. stream %PDF-1.5 He used fruit baskets for the hoops and baskets, and a soccer ball. Home - Basketball History: Basketball History: Basketball was invented in December 1891 by the Canadian clergyman, educator, and physician James Naismith. Since the federation started with only amateur players; its acronym was FIBA, with ‘A’ standing for amateur. It was Senda Berenson, a physical education teacher, who modified Naismith's rules and paved way for women’s basketball. L��se�G����. Talking about the origin of basketball, the game came into being as far back as the year 1891. In early December 1891, James Naismith, a Canadian physical education teacher at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts, invented an indoor game called basketball. The first official basketball game was played in the YMCA gymnasium, on 20, It was by 1897-1898 that a team of five members became a usual practice. In 1896, the first collegiate … Members took the game to India, Japan, Persia, and China as well. ]2F����Y����&3jQ�C�h��UFl��n(��|{� o� o�\�`d� <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> endobj Each of the teams has five members and competes against each other for scoring points, by passing the ball through a 10 feet (3 m) high hoop. 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