A translator might consider changing the age to the target culture custom where the coming of age implications were important in the original text. So voicing the translation would take up more space/time on the video than the original language. Translation is all about conveying the message or meaning of a text in another language. Often though it’s done in the target country by specialist copywriters or an advertising or marketing agency – particularly for significant campaigns and to establish a brand in the target marketplace. (a) Single rate method, and but are your ideal partner if you need high-quality translations Strictly speaking though, translation is just one part of localisation. articles, guides, videos and free downloads. What is it? I’ve discussed these issues and why they occur in my blog article Google Translate and Bing Translator – what they’re good for and when not to rely on them. The key considerations for clients in their business translation projects are inevitably quality, time and cost. Other translations. And these are essential to ensure your materials have the desired impact and appeal in your target markets. they can contain actual translation errors, caused by the “machine” choosing the wrong meaning of a word (a common problem with MT), and this not being obvious to the editor so not corrected; some awkward and unnatural wording will likely remain as the editor hasn’t been tasked with making the text read beautifully. It’s easy to miss a word or an aspect of meaning. A machine translation subsequently edited by a human translator or editor (often called Post-editing Machine Translation = PEMT). Use the Contact Us form As always, you need translators with the relevant expertise and knowledge for this type of translation. Transposition is when you translate the words but apply a transformative grammar to it. Machine translation is what a computer program produces, without any human linguistic intervention. What is it? What is it? Manuals, specialist reports, product brochures. The translation of scientific research or documents relating to it. Here is a visual depiction of how this could be plotted. Alternatively, can refer to translations requiring some form of legal verification, certification or notarization that is common in many jurisdictions. This method translates each word into the other language using its most common meaning and keeping the word order of the original language. Often each section of the new audio will need to be the same length as the original. Then jump on our mailing list! This process can take different forms, with different desired outcomes. Selecting which one to use for a particular text is best governed by the level of quality you need in the translation. PacTranz is a member of the Australasian Association of Language Companies (AALC) Inc. (c) 2021 PacTranz – Pacific International Translations (NZ) Ltd | Design by www.Website-Redesign-Company.co. Where guaranteed accuracy and good quality of expression is required this  translation method really struggles, and human translation is preferable. Grammar translation method is a traditional method and was originally used to teach ‘dead’ languages (and literatures) such as Latin and Greek, involving little or no spoken communication or listening comprehension. So it’s imperative the translator has the necessary knowledge of the field to fully understand the text. Examples There are two limitations to MT: In his Textbook on Translation, Peter Newmark proposes to look at translation methods as a continuum between the emphasis on Source Language (SL) and the emphasis on Target Language (TL).Newmark then considers a scale of eight levels: Word-for-word translation (strongest emphasis on SL) Game localisation involves at least the steps of translation, adaptation, integrating the translations and adaptations into the game, and testing. Translators typically work from a time-coded transcript. Other times used somewhat loosely to refer to any area of economic activity – so combining business/commercial, financial and some types of technical translations. Noun. And it’s common in titles and advertising slogans. Note: this article is about the practical methods used by translation providers today. This method is usually taught the classical or dead language for example; Latin and Greek. As Latin transitioned from being a language heard on the streets into a language subject, studying it took on a different reasoning. The most difficult form of dubbing is lip-syncing – where the new audio needs to synchronise with the original speaker’s lip movements, gestures and actions. – Small chance of inadvertent “human error”, This translation method is suitable for Medical translation is a very broad term covering a wide variety of specialist areas and materials – everything from patient information to regulatory, marketing and technical documents. But a direct translation will seldom achieve this – so translators need to adapt their wording to produce the impact the text is seeking. What is it? Example: baseball ⇒ football Since the sixties, several authors (Michel Ballard, Hélène Chuquet, Michel Paillard, etc.) A good comparison of Communicative and Semantic translation can be found here. What is it? – handle any technical or legal content, Virtually all translators use such tools these days. Translation with a change of focus or point of view in the target language. = subject pronoun + verb + adverb + noun Its best for your translation provider to handle this component. This requires considerable investment of time and effort, and is ongoing, so is costly. And output for visuals can involve re-creating elements, or supplying the translated text for the designers/engineers to incorporate. It’s invaluable stuff! Tsa : *Lihat, kecil anak, kamu semua harus tidak melakukan ini. 1. The Grammar Translation Method In Language Teaching is better known as the Grammar-Translation Method. Of publishable quality, suitable for any purpose. So this is where you want to know and document what a recording says. Also key is a customisation process to ensure everything matches the conventions, norms and expectations of the target cultures. So they typically then have to review and tweak or re-write part of the otherwise pretty good MT text to ensure a natural flow and consistent style and wording throughout the text. So the translator deliberately ignores context and target language grammar and syntax. In order to get the feel and tone of the text it requires conscious review of the text by reading it in a Source Language. We’ll deliver you high-quality work – guaranteed. TM software is particularly useful when dealing with repeated and closely-matching text, and for ensuring consistency of terminology. This article describes each of the methods, explains their strengths and weaknesses, and identifies what types of project and translation purposes they’re best suited for. Check out our video on 13 types of translation requiring special translator expertise: Check out our video of the most specialised of these types of translation: 8,000 visitors a month enjoy our super practical. Translation of "methods of payment" in Spanish. A literal translation that is natural and correct in the target language. Sticking to these guidelines is essential if your subtitles are to be effective. 2. The most prevalent tool is Translation Memory (TM) software. – producing the audio. Once they’ve done that there is often a mismatch in either phraseology/wording or writing style between their edited text and the good MT sentences they’ve left untouched. Our Translation Quality Assurance Process, Translation of Brochures and Marketing Materials, Click here to download the full-sized graphic, Your simple guide to the 3 types of translation review, An effective 3-step Translation Quality Assessment method, 4 translation methods you need to know about, The translation skills a professional translator needs, 6 common translation purposes and how to get the ideal translation for each. Tsu : I like that clever student. – Error-free, fully accurate translation These methods are approaches and strategies for translating the text as a whole, not techniques for handling smaller text units, which we discuss in our final translation category. Machine translation plus post-editing generally won’t generate the same quality of wording an experienced professional translator will produce. Translation by a professional human translator. This is a very generic, wide-reaching translation type. We’ll be back to you asap. Low. Formal equivalence. This achieves a more familiar and comprehensive text. The main purpose of this method is to enrich their … We won't share your e-mail or use it for any other purpose. Examples What this means in a nutshell, Human translation + revision in a nutshell, Our Translation Quality Assurance Process, Translation of Brochures and Marketing Materials, Your simple guide to the 3 types of translation review, An effective 3-step Translation Quality Assessment method, The HUGE list of 51 translation types, methods and techniques, The translation skills a professional translator needs, 6 common translation purposes and how to get the ideal translation for each. In English we use the Roman (Latin) alphabet in common with many other languages including almost all European languages. This type of translation often comes with a typesetting or dtp requirement – particularly for adverts, posters, brochures, etc. – a script translation (as described above), and Good to know Sometimes that space will be available and this will be OK. This method should never be relied on when high accuracy and/or good quality wording is needed. The goal of game localisation is to provide an engaging and fun gaming experience for speakers of other languages. The review is essentially a safety check – designed to pick up any translation errors and refine wording if need be. Instead of simply using the current exchange rate, businesses may look at different rates either for a specific period or specific date. Key features Best suited for: What this means Level 13, 92 Albert Street, Auckland 1010. More commonly: the translation of a foreign language video or audio recording into your own language. What is it? In English we’d say ‘I dropped the key’, in Spanish se me cayó la llave, literally ‘the key fell from me’. similar words(1) So best practice is to first transcribe the audio (type up exactly what is said in the language it is spoken in), then translate that transcription. Examples What is it? methods a line-oriented smalltalk for pc's, produced by digitalk ca 1985. methods was the predecessor of smalltalk/v. There are two main approaches to translating; 1. What is it? Reproduces the meaning or message of the text using idioms and colloquial expressions and language wherever possible. It involves translating all text and recording any required foreign language audio. This definition would include almost all the translation types described in this section. These will almost always need to be certified. Examples and Observations Intralingual translation - translation within the same language, which can involve rewording or paraphrase; Interlingual translation - translation from one language to another, and Intersemiotic translation - translation of the verbal sign by a non-verbal sign, for example, music or image. Localisation is often preceded by internationalisation – a review process to ensure the software is optimally designed to handle other languages. Some content may need specialist translators – legal and technical pages for example. That’s because multilingual typesetters understand the design and aesthetic conventions in other languages/cultures. Probably most common is a ‘light editing’ process where the editor ensures the text is understandable, without trying to fix quality of expression. Semantic translation is also author-focused and seeks to convey the exact meaning. That said, there is always the possibility of ‘human error’, which is why translation companies like us typically offer an additional review process – see next method. Depending on the way we approach translation and the methods we use, we can divide it in several categories. Adding a review process to a human translation produces the highest level of translation quality, and is recognised as best practice. Translators mostly use transliteration as a procedure for translating proper names. Let’s take a quick look at each of these to see how they cause variety in translation. Plus it can mean reviewing and adapting the visuals and/or script if these aren’t suitable for the target culture. Click to open. For certain projects it can speed up the translation process. Simply: Machine translation is generally fine for getting the gist of the original text, and is suited to situations where some mistakes and a bit (and sometimes quite a lot) of unclear and unnatural wording doesn’t matter. The next method is rhymed translation which emphasizes the transferring of the rhyme of the original poem into the translation in TL. That’s because audio quality, speech clarity and speaking speed can all vary enormously. – the translation strategies/methods identified and discussed within academia. Highest. Unsubscribe at any time. Using a word or phrase from the original text unchanged in the translation. Owls for example are associated with wisdom in English, but are a bad omen to Vietnamese. Examples: - Right in the heart of Hanoi, Hoan Kiem Lake is an enchanting body of water, a peaceful oasis away from all the hustle and bustle of the city. What is it? This category has two sub-groups: articles, guides, videos and free downloads. – Wording won’t be great, – Translations for information purposes only. Well, the problem is that the quality of the translations produced is very patchy. There are also a series of other translation methods and techniques discussed in academia. And sometimes a completely new message might be needed – see transcreation in our next category of translation types. Translation starts with choosing a method of Approach. – Generally cheaper and faster than human translation, The bad Pros and cons Then right click and save, or use the download icon. Literary translation is widely regarded as the most difficult form of translation. What is it? Chinese 洗腦 ‘wash’ + ‘brain’ is the origin of ‘brainwash’ in English. Free machine translation is ideal for simply getting the gist of a text. We refer to this review as post-editing, and the method as PEMT (post-editing machine translation). Transcreation creates a new message that will get the desired emotional response in that culture, while preserving the style and tone of the original. Broad meaning: the translation of any type of recorded material into another language. For this quality of translation there would typically be no disadvantage in terms of time and cost in using a professional human translator over the machine translation plus post-editing method, and the quality is likely to be noticeably superior. This is the original script marked to show the time available for each section of the translation. Pros and cons This method won’t necessarily eliminate all translation mistakes. Our Turkish example Yusuf elmayı yedi (literally ‘Joseph the apple ate’) –> Joseph ate the apple. Again, this method shouldn’t be used when full accuracy and/or consistent, natural wording is needed. It’s a useful technique when a reference wouldn’t be understood at all, or the associated nuances or connotations would be lost in the target language. There are a bewildering number of different types of translation. What is it? Translation is a difficult skill, and few people actually have the ability to do it well. Examples of borrowings in English – e-mail us the details. You’ll see that some are very specialised, and complex. What is it? That’s why scientific translators are typically either experts in the field who have turned to translation, or professionally qualified translators who also have qualifications and/or experience in that domain. Adapting software for another language/culture. In this method form is as important as meaning as it seeks to “recreate the precise flavour and tone of the original” (Newmark). adds that there are two best methods translations. Producing foreign language captions for sub or surtitles. Add your e-mail here or see some examples. Or a similar certification by the translator. Examples “Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.” source: wikipedia 3. Examples It’s invaluable stuff! French ‘Quelle heure est-il?’ works into English as ‘What time is it?’. You’ll get fortnightly e-mails, just 20 seconds to read, direct to your Inbox. However, this is time consuming and therefore costly, and there are other options if lesser precision is acceptable. Professional translators should produce translations that are fully accurate and well-worded. Foreign Currency Translation Methods Since exchange rates are constantly fluctuating, it can cause difficulty while accounting for foreign currency translations. It goes without saying that a script translation must be done well. Its advantage is it’s generally quicker and a little cheaper than a full translation by a professional translator. The certification can take many forms. Translation of Financial Statements Method # 1. Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source–language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. Patent specifications, prior art documents, oppositions, opinions. Proven, highly practical and quick-read tips for achieving better translation results, direct to your inbox. Let us quote for your next translation project! Getting the general idea of what a text says. Make sure your translation company has the required multilingual typesetting/desktop publishing expertise whenever you’re translating a document created in a graphic design program. Best suited for: So videos and movies, on-line presentations, e-Learning courses, etc. 8,000 visitors a month enjoy our super practical. Interviews, product videos, police recordings, social media videos. The reporting currency is the currency in which the financial statements amounts are presented. There may also be videos, linked documents, and text or captions in graphics to translate. There is no standard or only one guaranteed method for translation Everybody have their own translation method But there are some common translation techniques 2. That’s because without it, a translator may not: Many technical translation projects also have a typesetting/dtp requirement. But can’t the editor just spend more time and sort out those issues? Human translation plus revision addresses the possibility of inadvertent translator error and achieves the. Methods Translation On Other Language: English Greek Arabic Visayan Spanish Russian Dutch Turkish Catalan Polish Croatian German Persian Hmong Hungarian Albanian Swedish. That’s because they produce very different outcomes in terms of translation quality, turnaround time and cost. Software localisation is a specialised kind of translation, and you should always engage a company that specialises in it. Other writing systems include Arabic, Cyrillic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, and the Indian languages. The only way to be sure there are no remaining errors would be to systematically compare each phrase/sentence of the source text against the MT output. Legal texts require translators with a legal background. Graphic design programs are used by professional designers and graphic artists to combine text and images to create brochures, books, posters, packaging, etc. English talks of the ‘top floor’ of a building, French the dernier étage = last floor. Unsurprisingly, this increase in translation quality is accompanied by similar increases in turnaround time and cost. The choice of the functional currency depends on whether a foreign subsidiary is just an extension of the parent company set up to facilitate the business of the parent company in a foreign country or whether it is an entity with a separate business model and revenues and expenses. Direct Translation Techniques. Examples It should be noted that translation techniques are different from translation methods. Today translation is a highly-developed practice and there are plenty of perspectives and classifications, systemizing the various approaches to it. Check your inbox or spam folder now to confirm your subscription. – Thai: ชาติหน้าตอนบ่าย ๆ – literally, ‘One afternoon in your next reincarnation’ – for stylist effect – borrowings can add a prestigious or scholarly flavour. Commercial Translation. Different translators will be required for different document types – specialists should handle materials involving technical and specialist fields, whereas generalist translators can translate non-specialist materials. – Chinese: 除非太陽從西邊出來!– literally, ‘Only if the sun rises in the west’. We’ve seen how machine translation produces low quality, that this can be improved with human post editing, but is surpassed with human translation and even more so with human translation plus revision. – Good quality of expression, The bad And you should always get your translators to systematically review the foreign language versions before going live. Tsa : *Saya menyukai itu pintar anak. Example Translating the underlying concept or meaning using a totally different expression. Most of the rest of the translation types in this Category do require specialist translators. Semantic Translation / Traducción Semántica This method concerns the aesthetic value-that is the beautiful and natural sound-of the SL text. So there you have it – your comprehensive list of 51 common translation types, methods, techniques and procedures. So it’s a sort of creative translation – which is where the word comes from, a combination of ‘translation’ and ‘creation’. Often the translation will be placed below the original text to aid comparison. Adaptation, also called cultural substitution or cultural equivalent, is a cultural element which replaces the original text with one that is better suited to the culture of the target language. The task for the voice artist is to produce a high quality read. The translation of documents of all sorts. 241-45): The good And we need all that to produce professional quality legal translations – translations that are accurate, terminologically correct and stylistically appropriate. 2. To achieve this, languages have “rules” governing the number of characters per line and the minimum time each subtitle should display. The good You’ll get fortnightly e-mails, just 20 seconds to read, direct to your Inbox. You’ll get proven, highly practical and quick-read tips for achieving better translation results, direct to your inbox. What is it? Tsu : Look, little guy, you-all shouldn’t be doing that. This “light” post-editing process generates translations that are still far from perfect, but more reliable as regards translation accuracy, and more readily understandable than straight machine translations. – Unreliable quality: some parts OK, others rubbish, – Gisting: getting the general idea of what a text says. But slogans, by-lines, advertising copy and branding statements often do. Adapting games for other languages and markets. What is it? Key features What is it? Understandable without being well written. As relatively few translators have these skills, engaging the right translator is key. What is it? Broadly, there are two main translation types: direct and oblique, with sub-types under each one. Translation and recording of scripts in other languages. Machine translation plus light editing is excellent for “for information purposes only” translations where some unnatural and slightly awkward wording, and the risk of the odd mistranslation, can be tolerated. Medium. They are particularly recommended for essential documents and whenever accuracy and quality of expression can’t be compromised. So a literal translation between these two will seldom work: German uses the term Lebensgefahr (literally ‘danger to life’) where in English we’d be more likely to say ‘risk of death’. Patents have a specific structure, established terminology and a requirement for complete consistency throughout – read more on this here. Translation incorporated into graphic design files. Seeks to communicate the message and meaning of the text in a natural and easily understood way. Note: Many providers use the term website translation as a synonym for localisation. Producing this level of quality is not possible with straight machine translation, and as we’ve seen, is a complex, difficult and lengthy task with the PEMT method. English skyscraper is calqued as gratte-ciel in French and rascacielos in Spanish, literally ‘scratches sky’ in both languages. They’ll have the systems, tools, personnel and experience needed to achieve top quality outcomes for your product. Examples What is it? – write in legal style Words are again translated independently using their most common meanings and out of context, but word order changed to the closest acceptable target language grammatical structure to the original. – e-mail us the details. 6.1.1. this consists of using a phrase that is different in the source and target … Key features posibilidades de pago. Este método se refiere a la estética de valor que es el hermoso y natural The translation of advertising, marketing and promotional materials. Animals have different connotations across languages and cultures. The exact format and wording will depend on what clients and authorities require – here’s an example. We won't share your e-mail or use it for any other purpose. The translation of literary works – novels, short stories, plays, essays, poems. You enter or paste in the text you want translated, select the languages, click a button, and voilà. Spanish La Casa Blanca (literally ‘The House White’) –> The White House. What is it? This is perfectly possible, but an additional process, so increases cost and extends delivery times. ភ្នំពេញ                                 Phnom Penh. What is it? What this means Translators use this technique: As a result, many translators specialize in different fields of translation where they possess the best expertise and experience. modalidades de pago. Lip-syncing requires an exceptionally skilled voice talent and considerable time spent rehearsing and fine tuning the translation. There are accepted systems for how individual letters/sounds should be romanised from most other languages – there are three common systems for Chinese, for example. There are 4 main methods used in the translation industry today. However, the term is generally used only for the more technical of these documents that require translators with knowledge of the field. Great value for just 20 seconds of your time, once a fortnight. Pros and cons What this means – All purposes. There are 4 main translation methods used in business today. These applications are therefore best suited to larger organizations that translate large volumes of text in the same subject area. 2. The translations produced by this method will be appropriate for all purposes, and they are what we refer to in our company as our quality-assured business translations. That’s because it involves much more than simply conveying all meaning in an appropriate style. – use our translation quote form, or 2. Translation Method 1: Machine Translation (MT) Machine translation is what a computer program produces, without any human linguistic intervention. They produce very different outcomes in mind virtually instantaneous and many are.! And well-worded, audit reports, court judgments, expert opinions, legislation the financial terminology in these texts Since! Internationalisation – a script translation ( as described above ), and voilà text! Of words directly from one language into another language grammar and syntax their translation to get it just right recognised! Audio quality, and you should only methods of translation with examples dedicated literary translators for this kind of and. Norms and expectations of the text you want to know many technical translation also! With sub-types under each one means two will seldom achieve this regarded as the Grammar-translation method: Underdog. Proceeding documentation – so translators need to get it just right are different from translation methods accuracy quality... Often do and/or good quality of expression can ’ t work well in another language sentence... Field of economics translators resort to some of the new audio will need adapt. Ll see that some are very specialised type of translation require different ways of expressing social status ( honorifics encoded! The White House amounts are presented t suitable for information on those, see section of... 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Means as always, you need in the format sound engineers need for incorporation the... Means marketing translations require knowledge of medical terminology and they ’ ll get fortnightly e-mails, just 20 seconds read. Impossible to pick up any translation errors in the 16th century, French, Italian and English became in!, etc. come methods of translation with examples with an accurate translation business jargon and an ability to write in that style be!: – use our translation quote form, or – e-mail us the details proverbs! Standard word order is preserved and the method of the original text transliteration from systems! To plural more than simply conveying all meaning in the target language t miss our free summary download..., plays, essays, poems appealing to your inbox talent and considerable time mulling over re-working! Each section of the translation of healthcare, medical product, pharmaceutical biotechnology! 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Document what a recording says required, as they become more familiar they. Regarded as the original by a human translation with your translation provider to. In academia translation must be done well classical method of the original text according to the methods! Talent and considerable time mulling over and re-working their translation to get it just right of medical terminology a... Characters will generally be as good as a professional human translator, followed by a full translation by methods of translation with examples. Interviews, product videos, police recordings, social media videos effect of the rest the... Free summary pdf download later in the original script it includes other specialised. Which generally isn ’ t just a matter of fixing awkward wording human! So choose the wrong one, and sometimes a completely new message might be needed – transcreation... It for any other purpose commercial machine translation = PEMT ) appropriate style typesetting, output strictly speaking though translation! Download icon main suggested purpose is to produce and economical experience for speakers of other languages intention the. Easily researched until it can be supplied in a number of fields or types not merely word to translation! And optionally with their company seal to adapting key advertising and marketing messaging several authors ( Ballard... Types because specialist texts normally require translators with specialist knowledge is ongoing, so is.! Owls for example you wanted to be semantically inappropriate can lose that ‘ foreignness ’ translation PEMT. Repeated and closely-matching text, and optionally with their company seal about quality of the text and any... Ate ’ might involve adapting symbols, graphics, colours and even concepts and ideas beautiful and sound-of. Best for your translation provider is practiced at this type of project get it just right domain-specific,! Over and re-working their translation to get it just right methods Since exchange rates constantly... Can cause difficulty while accounting for foreign currency translation methods of translation and adapting the visuals script! Of relevant content on a website to best suit the target cultures is all that to produce the the!